Human–Machine Interface in Transport Systems: An Industrial Overview for More Extended Rail Applications
This paper provides an overview of Human Machine Interface (HMI) design and command systems in commercial or experimental operation across transport modes. It presents and comments on different HMIs from the perspective of vehicle automation equipment and simulators of different application domains. Considering the fields of cognition and automation, this investigation highlights human factors and the experiences of different industries according to industrial and literature reviews. Moreover, to better focus the objectives and extend the investigated industrial panorama, the analysis covers the most effective simulators in operation across various transport modes for the training of operators as well as research in the fields of safety and ergonomics. Special focus is given to new technologies that are potentially applicable in future train cabins, e.g., visual displays and haptic-shared controls. Finally, a synthesis of human factors and their limits regarding support for monitoring or driving assistance is proposed.
This article belongs to the Section Mechatronic and Intelligent Machines
This research received funding by Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking, under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, CARBODIN Project, grant agreement No 881814.